Most organists HATE playing for weddings. They are usually plagued by all kinds of frustrations,including 

not being paid!


I count the accomplished organist as the GREATEST of all virtuosi. 

-Ludwig van Beethoven-


    Organs go back more than TWO THOUSAND years!  

But THIS one looks like a mistake!  It resembles a horizontal trumpet gone haywire—curved and facing upward! 

An “Early American Organ”, the Mighty Hammond of 1937

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For several hundred dollars less that an imitation “appliance”, one could have……


Mr. Frank Wright, warden of the American Guild of Organists, has been on a tour of the West and Northwest for the purpose of establishing new chapters of the organization. He has been successful in helping to organize four: at Los Angeles, Portland, Ore., Seattle and Victoria, B.C,         Could this have been Frank LLOYD Wright?


The police of a North Carolina township were recently called upon by a Methodist minister to arrest a band of Italians who gave a “sacred concert” on a Sunday. The “cops” made valiant efforts to arrest the musicians, but only succeeded in serving two processes, owing to the difficulty they had in getting the names of the Italians.


For the first time in the history of French music, a woman has won the famous Prix de Rome. The winner is Lilly Boulanger, the daughter of a professor of singing at the conservatoire, and she is only nineteen years old.

A fortune of $100,000 was left by Dudley Jardine, the son of the founder of a famous organ-building firm. Notwithstanding, this wealth, Dudley Jardine elected to live as a poor man in the Bowery, New York, where he was known for many years under the name of William Smith. (editor: Jardine organs are still in use today and are of the highest in quality among those of this period.)

orgoblo ad, etude, sept. '28

The departure of Mr. Tertius Noble from York, England, where he was organist at the Cathedral, was recently celebrated at York by a large gathering of friend. (editor: Noble became organist for St. Thomas Church, New York; was there many years and had a huge influence on church music in America.)


I don’t mean to imply that this is the famous and gifted T. Tertius Noble

…rather a traveling one-man orchestra from the municipality of Taormina in the Metropolitan City of Messina, Italy, in Sicily. 

An Australian critic recently spoke of “Debussy, whose music has brought discord into so many happy homes.”

The San Antonio College of Music, which has recently opened its doors, possesses an excellent building, with large pipe organ and other equipment, which we understand were all provided by a wealthy patron of music.

This gentleman is also not the noble T. Tertius Noble

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I’ve  never seen a buffalo horn shaped like this, and this man is definitely no a native American. 

English organists have organized to combat an injustice to which they have been exposed hitherto, in regard to security of tenure of their position. They demand that when an organist is confronted with dismissal for which there seems to be no adequate reason, he should have the right to place his case before the Bishop of the diocese, or before some recognized body empowered to judge the matter.

The only hand-organ factory in the United States-New York-is being pulled down to make room for an apartment house. The demand for this humble instrument seems to have greatly lessened. (editor: These are the street organs used for busking [playing music on the street for tips] and a pet monkey.)


The harpsichord, it seems is not even yet quite obsolete. Frances Pelton-Jones is giving recitals on this historical instrument, in various cities.

Japan has entered the piano trade and is exporting cheap instruments to Australia. Five hundred have already been sent.

This is also not T. Tertius noble.


Jazz was at first highly controversial and frowned upon in some circles and was generally not acceptable.

William Roberts, of Lamberhurst (Kent), England, who recently celebrated his hundredth birthday, has been for ninety a member of the church choir of that place. The choir serenaded him with his favorite hymns, in honor of the occasion.

It is reported that pianos of a cheap grade and bearing no names are now being provided in Japan for the foreign trade.

Japan, after lengthy debate in the Upper House, has decided to give official support to the introduction of Western music; retaining, however (for the present), the ancient Japanese music for court ceremonials and religious rites.

(editor: this at the height of WWI.) Several formerly prominent members of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra have been ousted from its ranks as enemy aliens. One in particular, who had become an American citizen several years ago, is alleged to have made offensively disloyal remarks, and is liable to lose his citizenship. Music in America will be helped greatly when the places in our professional orchestras are filled by loyal citizens, preferably those of native birth and education.

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San Francisco possesses one of the largest and finest organs in the world. Frederic Lemare, the eminent English organist, has been the city organist at a salary of $10,000.00. The first year sixty-one recitals were given to audiences totaling 101,147 at ten cents each. This paid Mr. Lemare’s salary and left something over for the upkeep of the organ. This, judging by the work of other public organists where the admission is free, is a wonderful showing.

 Did Sigmund Freud ever smile?

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In the 1920’s there was great interest in psychology among many musicians, even leading to books about how to use psychology in teaching private lessons.

Maurice Ravel, the noted French composer, after two years spent on the Front near Verdun, has returned to civil life and resumed composition with a suite of pieces for the pianoforte entitled Le Tombeau de Couperin.

Irving Berlin, well-known composer of popular music, has enlisted in the United States Army.

Percy Grainger has been transferred from the Fifteenth Band, C. A. G, to Governor’s Island, N. Y., where he will serve as an instruction in the Army Music Training School.

 Did George Percy Aldridge Grainger Ever Smile Either?

                           Actually, yes, he did, but rarely caught on camera. 


                         Percy Grainger in the Army

                        Percy Grainger the Teenager

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        Percy Grainger in an Army Band as saxophonist

grainger as saxophonist

The German Government has seized the property of all American music concerns in Germany, consisting of music, music books and music plates. This was to be expected as we have taken a similar action.

This is a story just imported from London: A visitor of pompous character went up to one of the attendants at Westminster Abbey and Said, “Will you please tell me who that is at the organ? I can’t tell by the touch whether it is Sir Walter Parratt or Sir Frederick Bridge. The attendant answered, “Beg pardon, sir: that isn’t either of them. It’s the vacuum cleaner over in the corner.” (editor: Parratt and Bridge were two of the most famous organists of Great Britain around this time and afterwards.)

The second convention (not annual) of the American Guild of Organists was held in New York, December 26th to 28th.

Denver Col., has engaged Clarence Reynolds, formerly of Philadelphia, municipal organist, at a salary of $7,000 a year.(editor: most American cities at this time hired municipal concert organists and installed major organs.)

Music has become a sovereign necessity in the hospital, as much as the chloroform bottle and the bandage.  It has been found to prevent the “circular thinking,” which is so pernicious a feature of convalescence from shell shock, head wounds and nervous conditions generally.

Oscar Hammerstein, the impresario, is “coming back.” His contract of silence with the Metropolitan (ed.Opera) in 1910, by which he agreed to keep out of grand opera, will expire January 1, 1920. Hammerstein declares himself well prepared for the coming venture, with new scenery and costume novelties in huge quantities.

Pittsburg has begun the musical season with a series of municipal organ recitals.  All os the best-known organists of the city will take part in these, as well as the church singers, who will contribute solos and quartets.

A musical curiosity is the organ in a church in Shanghai, China, whose pipes are constructed of bamboo. The tone, though a trifle “wooly,” is said to be sweet and of satisfactory volume, and the organ has been in constant use for fifty years.

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A novel experiment  has been tried in San Francisco. Two great organs, synchronized carefully, were played in duo. The effect was thrilling, and the volume of tone was extraordinary. Over a mile of pipe was used in the building of the two organs.

The pitch of the organ in Albert Hall, London, is at last to be lowered from the old-time “concert pitch” to the more agreeable and mellower “international pitch.” Singers have been seriously incommoded in Albert Hall with its high-pitched instrument.

Charles M. Courboin, formerly organist of the Antwerp Cathedral, but now of Springfield, Mass., played the Sixth Widor Symphony for the first time in America with orchestra at an epoch-making concert given at the Wanamaker Store in Philadelphia on the evening of March 27. The Philadelphia Orchestra, under the direction of Dr. Leopold Stokowski, played with infinite finesse and beauty. The effect of the first movement of the symphony can only be described as oceanic in its grandeur. The Wanamaker Organ is the largest organ in the world. It was originally made for the St. Louis Exposition, but has been rebuilt and increased in size very greatly. (editor: Was this an arrangement of the sixth organ symphony or a symphony for organ and orchestra? Courboin was one of the two most famous organists in America at this time, the other one being Edwin H. Lemare or England. )

The demand for drums during war-time has been so great that the factories are unable to supply it, especially since the skilled labor employed in the construction of these instruments has been drafted and scattered.

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But my dear, it doesn’t look by your ad that you have the figure of a soldier, but I hope your vitality is good.

Victory organs in the churches, as memorials to fallen American soldiers, are being built in many cities all over the United States.

A bill for the establishment of a National Conservatory , such as France has had for many years past, is to come up before the Senate and Congress of the United States at its next session.

singin soldiersThe British Army authorities have officially approved the use of music for shell shock, especially in the form of songs.  It has been found that shell shock responds particularly to singing, and efforts are systematically made to induce the soldier to sing with the records or with other singers certain well-known melodies, and the results of this method in restoring nerve function, especially when (aphasia) shock has affected the memory, are most encouraging.

Our new possession, Christiansted (Virgin Islands) boasts a navy band, for which the men were enlisted this past summer.  The new organisation, composed entirely of ex-service men from all departments of the service, travel around the islands, giving concerts, which are becoming one of the features of the life in the somewhat backward communities.

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The Organ Franz Liszt studied on.

It is unfortunately not widely known that many of the world’s greatest composers studied the organ: above, the organ on which Liszt studied. Other famous organists include Mozart (it was his favorite instrument). It was he who named it the “King of Instruments”; Beethoven, who said, “I rank the accomplished organist as the highest of all virtuosi.”; Mendelssohn, Schumann, Dvorak and Bruckner, known for his improvisations, Saint-Saens, Franck, Randall Thompson, Charles Ives and conductor Leopold Stokowski.

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 Beethoven at the organ.

A London Choir of one thousand voices has been organized under the auspices of the League of Arts, to sing at public ceremonies.

Compulsory Music is suggested by Mr. Landon Ronald as a desirable measure, to be followed in England, to develop musical talent in the next generation.

A mighty chorus of 10,000 singers  

The National Hymn of the Jewish Commonwealth of Palestine is said to be the identical melody sung by Miriam to the children of Israel and the overwhelming of Pharaoh’s armies.

The movement to place in the camps here and abroad, unused musical instruments of all kinds, given by their owners for the use of soldiers, has the endorsement of Secreety Baker. Secretary Backe declares that this is “very attractive, cheering and useful war work.”  Even now, when the war is at an end, the soldiers will be in camp until things settle down to normal conditions, and since there is less active work for them to do, they will all the more appreciate every means of entertainment in their leisure time.  Orlando Rouland, the head of the organization, 130 West Fifty-seventh Street, New York City, makes no demand for funds, but is glad to receive wind instruments, saxophones, drums, horns, cornets and music boxes.


A Guarnarius violinbearing the date 1702, was sold at auction in London recently for a thousand dollars.  It was the former property of Sarasate.

Charles Courboin, the noted Belgian organist, pedaled 1,500 notes in less than four minutes at a recital the other night. This is probably the record performance in pedal work. .


bamboo pipe organ constructed in 1823, is still in use at Las Pinas, Manila. It contains 832 bamboo pipes and 121 metal pipes (buglers). The nightingale pipes in the novel organ can be made to sound like the warbling of birds, by the simple expedient of pouring a little water into them just before using the instrument. This is one of two surviving bamboo pipe organs in the world, the other being in China. (Note: misspelling of Las Pinas in the article.) Notice the horizontal trompetas, a Spanish influence.

scan bamboo organ etude, nov. '26 pg. 860

We are always hearing of the largest organ. One is now being planned in the Public Ledger Auditorium in Philadelphia. The organ consists of three divisions each with four manuals and pedal, and a total of 281 stops. Each division can be used separately or in combination.

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A mandolin found in an abandoned trench in Lenswas made of a medley of material, towit; a bit of aeroplane woode, a celluloid comb, a knife handle, part of a revolver and some slivers from the trench timbers, with a couple of button thrown in for good measure.

A Curious Organ: An instrument has been constructed which combines in a way the piano and organ. The console can be placed in front of the piano, and thus the performer has two keyboards under his control and also the contrasting sounds of the piano and organ. Pipe and blower are portable. Several inventions of this nature have been placed on the market from time to time, but none of them seem to give lasting satisfaction. Probably one reason is that piano wires and organ pipes are affected by heat and cold in exactly opposite ways, it is difficult to keep them in tune with each other.

texas orchestra

It was bound to come! The concert manager, M. H. Hanson, and the American composer, Albert Mildenburg, are planning to produce grand opera in the “movies” along the lines  that it has been produced in London and Paris. There will be an orchestra and large pipe organ to attend to the music, while all the action on the stage will be faithfully reproduced.  Mr. Mildenburg hopes that opera in the “movies” will tend to awaken an interest in opera for its own sake in this country, as opposed to opera for the sake of the star singers and the peacock parade.

The Viennese public has been demonstrating to Schoenberg and his pupils that “futurism in music” will not be tolerated without a struggle. The public feels that it is buying tickets for his concerts under the impressions that it will hear beautiful music.

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Old English Folk songs dating back to 1600 have been collected in the Appalachian Mountains by Mr. Cecil Sharp (editor: also known as “C Sharp”). The people inhabiting this region of the United States live the life of the early settlers and know nothing different.  In this way, the folk songs of 3 centuries ago have been preserved.  Many of these songs have disappeared from the old country, while they have been preserved here.

Article: “The Magnetism and Charm of the True Artist”

by the noted French Chasonneuse, Mme. Yvette Guilbert

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Memoranda for Organists, Jan. 1919

     Sound travels at the rate of about 1,125 feet a second, and faster as the temperature rises.  Every building has its sympathetic tone; in a church of moderat size it is usually near to C sharp or D. Organists should always axcetain the sympathetic tone of the building they are accustomed to play in.  As to the method of finding the sympathetic tone, proceed as follows: Draw the pedal open diapason 16′, and by trying it up and down the chromatic scale in the lower octave, find the most responsive noteso, those which ring round the building and have a special sense of fullness–selecting the most responsive one.  Ascertain by testing its octave and its unisons and octaves upon the other flue stops that this filling effect is due to the sympathy of the building and not to any peculiarity in the power position or voicing of that particular pipe.  Now strike the common chord staccato upon the great and pedal flue work and listen to the effect when the notes are abruptly released.  Try the cycle of common chords in like manner when it will probably become apparent that only one of the twelve chords will fully sympathize with the building, the remaining eleven losing their influence in proportion as they recede or remove from the prime sympathetic chord. —(Thomas Ellison.)

Los Angeles has a new music school which teaches the art of playing to motion pictures.  It consists of three department; picture interpretation, “cue-ing” or timing of pictures and orchestration, orchestral pipe organ, piano, harmony and theory.

England has a Church Music Society, whose object in organization is to restore to church use some of the treasures of sacred composition which have been forgotten or overlaid with less valuable material.  They aim to displace the merely conventional repertoires of choir directors by both new and old music that is more meritorious and less staled by constant use.  This society was organized in 1905 in London.

At Walter Reed Hospital, Washing, D. C.  the soldier patients are reveling in wireless canned rag time through the wireless music equipment installed by the American Red Cross. By simply hooking a metal clasp to the springs of his bed and putting a small receiver to his ear, a boy confined in bed may revel in jazz to his heart’s content, without disturbing the buddy in the cot next to him, whose nerves won’t stand it.  On the cord attached to the receiver is a small device for regulating the volume of sound. One boy wheeled himself out on the porch and hooked the metal clasp on a wire spoke in the wheel of his chair. It worked just the same.

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Organs have needed manual pumping since their beginning in the 3rd century B.C. Though usually pumped by hand, some large late Medieval organs were pumped by foot; 12 men hanging on a metal rod and pumping with their legs. 

London has a society for communal hymn practice to further ease in congregational singing at church.  They have already held a hymn festival.  These novel hymn practices are being very well attended, and the hymn festival numbered several thousand people, as audience and singers.

A drawing accompanying the article for pianists, “Strong Fingers, Strong Arms, Strong Technic”

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The Great Meadow Prison Band at Comstock is in need of instruments.  The they now poses have been in use for over six years and have  passed through the hands of a thousand prisoners.  Forty per cent of those prison-trained musicians have upon their release, earned their living by playing in bands throughout the country. The prison band would be grateful for the following instruments: 3 B flat clarionets, 1 A flat clarionet, 4 B flat cornet, 2 side trombones, 1 baritone, 3 altos (E flat), 2 B flat tenors, 1 snare drum, 1 bass drum, a piccolo, a set orchestra bells, 1 tenor saxophone, 1 alto saxopohone, 1 set traps for snare drums and 25 music stands. These may be sent to Great Meadow Prison, Comstock, N. Y. in care of the bandmater,  Louis Morris.

Music in a shell hole was described interestingly inn a letter from a “Y” secretary in France: “After a severe shelling had temporarily subsided, I went out with a group of stretcher bearers to see what had become of my hut and assistants. I found the “Y” piano  in a shell hole, balanced at a dizzy angle of forty-five degrees. A wonderful “Tommy” was playing and leading a bunch of about twenty wounded boys, who were singing lustily,  ‘Pack All Your Troubles in Your Old Kit Bag, and Smile, Smile, Smile.'”

The Fijian Hymn Book is a novelty offered by a London publisher. It is written in the native tongue, with simple music, based upon the tribal chants.

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A Chair of Ecclesiastical Music is being discussed in England, to aid in setting the standards for church music, and to preserve the characteristic modes intact against the incursion of the unworthy and trivial. New York has had for some years, at Columbia University, a well-endowed chair of church music, under the direction of Prof. Walter Henry Hall.

Mr. George Eastman, whose generosity if to provide the City of Rochester with a find School of Music, will put into practical demonstration his belief that there is an artistic affinity between music and moving pictures.

The Conservatories and Music Schools of the United States are planning to give the wounded soldiers and sailors free courses in vocal and instrumental music.

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Sunday music in the United States is having its age-long battle again puritanical ideas and standards of olden times.  A plan to finance a series of orchestral concerts and provide free music for the people of a certain large city in the East was promptly opposed and blocked by the Sabbath Association with a plea for “quiet Sundays.”

The Sunday Concerts in Albert Hall, London are said to yield a profit of $10,000 annually. An enterprising manager is now seeking to improve upon this record.

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The Deportation of Carl Muck, former conductor of the BOston Symphony Orchestra, about whom raged the battle royal upon the matter of his disloyalty to the United States some time since, may be forced by reason of a bill now before Congress. The bill provides for the uncompromising deportation of all enemy aliens interned in the United States immediately upon the signing of the Peace Treaty.  Much and Kunwahl, another conductor, are in the class of “resident aliens,” and they would suffer deportation with the rest.

Official recognition of Navy Music is being urged in influential quarters, as aid to the better conduct of the service and efficiency of the sailors, not only in war time, but also in the long stretches of sea duty, when there is little or no other pleasure for the men.

Paderewski is an alarming “risk” in the estimation of the English insurance companies because of his political activities in war-torn Poland.  He has been for many years insured both separately and as a bodily whole, his fingers, arms, wrists, etc., each carrying a distinct policy, which is very much endangered in the present state of affairs.

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The accordion was hugely popular before 1940.

Paderewski’s election to the Presidency of Poland was celebrated by the performance of Edward Elgar’s symphonic poem, Polonia, at Albert Hall, London.

The Brabaneon (Belgian National Anthem) is replacing the German national anthem in a hundred thousand American school books.

Two Hundred and seventy-four professional American musicians died in battle during the short time our forces were engaged.  The list included the names of six bandmasters.

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The Cathedrals of England are are giving special recitals in aid of the Musicians’ Gift to the Forces.

A Memorial Service for the Royal Air Force was held in Westminster Abbey. Another picturesque served was that for the bell-ringers of England who have fallen in the war, when roll of honor was read by the Dean of St. Clement Dane’s CHurch, and the ringers gave the “whole pull and stand” in response.  The church bells all over England, especially in the provincial towns, were rung at sunset, muffled and at slow and solemn toll.

The earliest examples of a song cycle has just been discovered in Carlisle, England.  It consists of eleven songs, composed three hundred years ago.  The books are said to be dated 1637, and bear the name of the then Bishop of Carlisle Cathedral, Thomas Smith.

Oscar Hammerstein, the noted operatic Impresario, died in New York City on Friday, August 2d, after a short illness. His plans were made for “coming back” into the field of active opera in 1920, and had even arranged the details, to the extent of vast quantities of costumes, scenery, etc.

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        An Etude cover from the “Gay 30’s!

Andrew Carnegie, the steel magnate-millionaire, died recently at his summer home, Shadow Brook, Mass., in the eighty-third year of his age.  He had given, in addition to his other charities, 350 organs to churches, schools and colleges.  In his residence in New York City, Mr. Carnegie had a great organ of special construction, with an orchestral attachment, which he could manipulate himself.  Before the war, the Carnegie Foundation set aside the vast sum of $125,000,000 for various gifts, among others the installation of pipe-organs in churches and schools.  It is to Mr. Carnegie that we are indebted for the coming of Tschakovsky to this country some years ago, to lead in person some of his works to be performed by our leading orchestras.

Singing is being made a feature in the Boy Scouts’ training as leading to increase good feeling and enthusiasm, as well as artistic appreciation.

Wounded soldiers are being musically educated, at the musical settlement schools all over the country, under the Federal Board of Vocational Education.



Horatio Parkerwell-known American composer, is dead at the age of fifty-six. In childhood, he studied piano with his mother. Later he took up organ. His American teachers were Stephen Emory and George W. Chadwick.  Dr. Parker was successively organist at Trinity Church, New York, and Trinity Church Boston. He was a professor at Yale.


The newest use for music is an electrical device that plays music in the hen house continuously.  It is said to keep the hens so alert that more egg-laying is the consequence.

It is said that the late Andrew Carnegie contributed to the purchase of 7,689 organs for churches which stood in need of them.  He spent in this one charity an aggregate of $6,298,309 in all. He is quoted as having said that he would not endorse all that the clergymen spoke from their pulpits, but he would stand for every note played by the organists.

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Percy Grainger at the Mighty Hammond Organ


The city of Waterloo, Iowa, has been sued by a professional musician, Harley L. Burns, for $25,000 for the loss of his fingers.  Mr. Burns fell on an icy sidewalk and lay unconscious for several hours , during which time his fingers froze and had to be amputated. He was awarded a verdict of $9,395.00.

St. Louis organists are trying to force increase in salaries from churches and movie theatre by strike method.


A notable organ to cost $63,000, is soon to be erected in St. Paul, Minn.  Mr. Ernest Skinner is to be the builder. This will be one of the finest instruments in the United States.


Convicts in some prisons in the United States have music at their meals to keep the peace so often disturbed at this function.

A Blind Men’s Improvement Club, a musical organization composed of sightless men, gave its annual concert in New York City, in March of the past winter, with well-known artists, both singers and instrumentalists.

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Marion Davies was a fabulous opera start in her day. She attributes her great success the use of ZIP!

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Dr. Irving J. Morgan, formerly active in musical affairs in Philadelphia, gold medalist at the St. Louis Exposition, has been appointed official organist to the city of Portland, Ore.


A world standard pitch is the aim of certain musicians speaking before a second meeting of the British Music Society. The adoption of this measure would lessen waste and confusion and simplify the matter of musical interchange between the nations of the world.

Moose Jaw, Canada, held a three days’ festival in the latter part of May. There were contests for choir singing, for orchestral organization, bands, quartets and choruses both adult and junior.

The municipal organ at Tulsa, Okla., was dedicated on May 20th with an elaborate program. Dr. J. Lawrence Erb was the soloist for the occasion.

  An organ in the Sequoias and its good ole’ boys club.

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This fine instrument is housed in the redwood forest of the famous Bohemian Club, about ninety miles north of San Francisco.  The organ is concealed among the giant trees , the trunk of one of which may be seen just back of the console, which rests on a stage provided by nature.  From top to bottom and left to right the eminent organists and musicians grouped about the console are Edwin H. Lemare, Benjamin Moore, Dr. Humphrey J. Stewart (seated), Uda Waldrop and Wallace A. Sabin. Since this photograph was taken in 1936, Messrs. Lemare, Sabin and Dr. Stewart have all passed away.


South America: Garry Sellers, the well-known English organist-composer, returned to England on July 31st., after his tour to two hundred thirty-three recitals in the United States, prior to which he visited the principle cities of South America.

Paderewski in a late London interview, said, “I am through with music. I shall never play again.”

The prize of One Hundred Dollars for the best American organ sonata has been offered in November 1919, was awarded to Harry Benjamin Jepson, of Yale University. The judges were Clarence Dickinson, Frederick Stock and Mr. De Lamarter.

American organists are making a determined stand for increased pay in church services.

A thirteen-year-old organist has been appointed to an English church. He won out in an open competition with adult organists.

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Looks more like a Nazi or CIA torture device to me!

Handel’s organ in a church at Whitechurch , England, is being restored and steps taken to preserve it to the next generation. It is still in active service, and is used in church service every Sunday.


The Handel Festival at the Crystal Palace in London, ; was resumed this June after having been discontinued during the war. A chorus of 2,500 voices, orchestra of 500 with the great Crystal Palace organ, are reported to have furnished inspiring programs under the direction of Sir Frederick Cowen.

Henry S. Fry was elected president of the National Association of Organists, at their convention held in New York City In July.

Joseph Bonnet, the eminent French organist of the Church of St. Eustache of Paris, will return to America for a tour of concerts in the United States and Canada.


William F. Sudds, one of the most popular composers of works for reed organs, died on September 25th. It is reported that Mr. Sudds’ compositions number over two hundred, including cantatas, orchestral piece and many short pieces for the organ. He was born in England and brought to America when he was seven. He was self-taught on the violin, ‘cello and other instruments. During the Civil War he became as bandmaster in the Union Army.

At last the Flying Machine has soared into grand opera. L’Aviatore Dro, an opera in three acts by F. Bailla Pratella, was given with pronounced success at the Teatro Rossini de Lugo.

The raise in railroad fares is said to be a serious menace to certain musical organization make one-night stands.

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Marcel Dupré, the eminent French organist, recently brought to American as a confrere of Charles Courboin and Alexander Russel in the famous Wanamaker concerts says, in an interview in Musical America, “It is a well-known fact that mechanical improvements on American organs are far in advance of European


Marcel Dupré, the eminent French organist, arrived in America on September 27, to being a recital tour. including most of our states and Canada. A unique feature of his programs will be his improvisation for which he has a rare gift.

Joseph Bonnet has recently been decorated by the French Government as a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor. He will return to America in January for an extended series of organ recitals.



Thomas A. Edison is offering, through the American Psychological Association, a prize of $500 for the most meritorious article dealing with research on “The Effect of Music.”

Caryl Florio, famous as composer and organist, died November 21, 1920 in Asheville, N.C., where he was organist at All Souls’ Episcopal Church which was built by the late George W. Vanderbilt on his Biltmore estate.

American organs, with American organists used to accompany the silent drama in the way American patrons have learned to appreciate, are being introduced in some of the leading Moving Picture Theatres of London.

Clarence Eddy, the famous Chicago organist, recently gave the opening recital on a new four-manual organ in St. James Episcopal Church in that city. Forty-eight years ago, in 1872, he gave the dedicatory performance on the old two-manual organ of the same church.

This journal (editor:”The Etude”) regrets having to record the death of Miss Mary Porter of West Philadelphia, where she was one of the leading spirits in musical circles.  An excellent organist and conductor, her death was deplored by a vast number of friends.

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Ain’t this grand?  As in “Grand Opera”

Madame Schumann-Heink was a very famous opera singer and teacher. This picture was devised by Hollywood, and when Schumann-Heink was asked by reporters was she frightening, she responded, “I didn’t hurt them, and they didn’t hurt me!”

The highest note ever sung by the human voice is that of Robert Murray, the boy soprano, of Tacoma, Washington. He reaches the D on the sixth added line above the treble staff.

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Henry Alexander Matthews has been awarded the $100 prize, offered by the Matinee Musical Club of Philadelphia, for the best composition by an American composer.  The successful work is for organ, harp, violin and violoncello, and the composer is organist of one of the Quaker City’s leading churched.


A prodigy organist is the latest California sensation.  Baby Boynton, seven years old, recently attracted wide attention by the successful manipulation of the big organ of the California Theater of San Francisco.

A $100,000 municipal organ has been ordered by the city of Cleveland, Ohio.

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Speaking of municipal organs of the past. the famous outdoor Spreckels Pavilion organ in Balboa Park (home of the famous zoo) in San Diego from 1913 is still heard in weekly recitals.

Dr. Karl Muck is one of the successors of Otto Hess as conductor of the opera at Munich.


The highest note ever sung has a new claimant, a friend of Miss Bessie Greenwood, stating she sings the G on the eighth line above the treble clef, to which Master Robert Murray blandly adds that in the bird cadenzas of his songs he carries his voice to the D five degrees above the G just mentioned.

Ivor Algernon Atkins, organist of Worcester Cathedral, has been knighted by King George of England. Sir Walter Parratt is the only other acting cathedral organist to share this honor with Sir Ivor.

Charles M. Courboin, eminent Belgian organist, who is well known in American where he has concertize extensively, has been decorated by King Albert a Chevalier of the Order of King Leopold II.

The great organ of Albert Hall, London, is to be fitted with electro-pneumatic action and otherwise rebuild and brought up to modern standards at an expense of more than $100,000.


A $120,000 pipe organ is offered by “A Prominent Citizen” of Philadelphia for the new “Victory Hall” to be complete on Parkway in readiness for the Exposition of 1926. Free concerts is one of the conditions.

John J. McClellan, organist of the Tabernacle of Salt Lake City, has been decorated with the “Order of the Crown” by King Albert of Belgium, in recognition of his playing of the Tabernacle organ on the king’s visit to that city.


Gabriel Fauré, long the Director of the Paris Conservatoire, and one of the foremost French musicians, is ill at his Paris home and threatened with blindness.

The F. W. Woolworth Co. has decided to discontinue the sale of sheet music in all its stores throughout the country.

Ninety harps in ensemble played Handel’s Largo at the National Association of Harpists Convention in New York, March 29th-30th.


A $50.00 prize for the best organ composition by an American-born composer, is offered by DePauw University School of Music. , Greencastle, Indiana. The competition is unusual in that it is for the sole purpose of creating interest in composition for the organ, and the prize-winning work remains the proper of the composers.

A bomb, placed between the orchestra and the stage of the Teatro Lirico of Milan, exploded between the acts of Lehar’s The Blue Mazurka, killing twenty of the orchestra and occupants of front stalls, and injuring many others.  The theater was wrecked and the entire city was shaken.

The largest set of chimes in the world has been ordered to be placed in the Harkness Memorial Quadrangle of Yale University.  There will be ten bells in the set.


The Pennsylvania State Council, National Association of Organists, held its first Convention in Philadelphia during the latter part of June, with a most unusually interesting program.

The North Shore Music Festival of Evanston, Illinois, during the first week of June, surpassed all previous efforts at that prestigious place.  Of particular note was the first use of the new organ installed purposely for these affairs and the participation of both the New York Philharmonic and the Chicago Symphony Orchestras.  The “St. Matthew’s Passion Music,” of Bach, was the principal choral work conducted.

Singing and talking pictures, by the simultaneous use of records and films have been successfully developed after twelve years of experimentation. Exhibitions have been given in London, New York and else-where. Hurrah for the “Talkies.”

New York’s first radio recital, primarily for the entertainment of wounded soldiers and sailors in government hospitals, was heard also by about 50,000 “outsiders,” as all stations within a thousand miles were invited to cut in.

Edwin H. Lemare, for several years municipal organs of San Francisco, has been appointed to a similar position at Portland, Maine.

A music typewriter has been invented by the Rev. R. Walton, of England. The mechanical problems, it is said, seem to have been solved, though for some time to come, it will compete with the manuscript copyist in legibility rather than speed.

Alexander Russell, organist, composer and conductor of wide reputation and Director of Music of Princeton University, received the degree Doctor of Music from that institution at the recent commencement, the first time that this degree has been conferred on an alumnus of that school.

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This 7 manual and pedal organ is the great organ in the Municipal Auditorium of Atlantic City, New Jersey, designed by Senator Emerson L. Richards.  It and the great organ in the Wanamaker Store of Philadelphia rank as the largest two organs in the world!

Eleven thousand singers have enrolled in what is claimed will be the largest chorus ever heard in the United States, to take part in the Pageant of Progress Exposition on the Chicago Municipal Pier, July 30 to August 14.


The finest and largest carillon in the United Kingdom and the best-adjusted set of bells tuned to equal temperament, in the world, has been dedicated at the inauguration of the recently completed cathedral of Queenstown, Ireland.

The National Association of Organists met July 26 to 29, in Philadelphia. Mr. John Wanamaker served supper with a recital on the Grand Court organ of the store by Charles M Courboin.

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Tudor Strang, prominent organist and composer of Philadelphia, died at his home in Bryn Mawr on April 29th.

“La Juive” in Yiddish, has had two performances at the Lexington Theatre in New York. A movement is reported to be on foot to have regular “Opera in Yiddish” for the Jewish population of Manhattan.


An atrociously false rumor has been circulated, broadcast over the country that Lt. Comm. John Phillip Sousa had lost his hearing and could not even hear his own band. Etude readers are asked to contradict this flatly.  We have seen Lt. Sousa frequently of late. His hearing is as keen as ever.  The rumor started from the fact that he had been receiving osteopathic treatment for a slight post nasal catarrhal condition.

Clara Butt, greatest of English contraltos, will tour American again this season with her husband, Kennerly Rumford.

Wireless telephone experiments (according to the Musica of Rome) have enabled operators controlling microphone amplifiers at the Berlin Stadt Theatre to send music to stations in various parts of Europe. Who knows? Citizens in Kansas towns may sometime sit back in their rockers and listen to Broadway performances shot through the eternal ether.

Sir Edward Elgar opened the new edifice of the Victor Talking Machine Company in London with a lengthy address.

conducting baton

The largest xylophone ever manufactured has recently been acquired by George Carey for use as soloist with the Sousa Band. The instrument is 12 feet long and is said to have cost $5,000.00


A collapsible bass drum is one of the latest wrinkles advertised in the band papers. Ahoy for a collapsible grand piano that we can all carry around in a handbag!


The Society of Theatre Organists of New York, which has for its purpose the raising of efficiency in playing, has recently held examinations for membership. Tests were made in general musical knowledges, solo playing, and picture playing.


Beethoven as organist. Beethoven studied organ at the age of eight. He had several prominent teachers. By the time he was eleven, his teacher Van den Eeden would send him to accompany the Mass and other church music. Friar Willibald Koch of the Franciscan Monks, at Bonn, accepted him as an assistant. Wanting to have experience on a larger organ, Beethoven made friend in the cloister of the Minorites and arranged to be the organist at the at the 6 a.m. mass. In February, 1784, Beethoven received the appointment of assistant court organist as assistant to one of his former teachers, Neefe. Neefe was so occupied with the theater and other duties, that Beethoven did most of the organ-playing. After moving to Vienna Beethoven gave up the organ. During his mature years, Beethoven told organist Karl Freudberg, “I place an organist who is master of his instrument, first among virtuosi.”

A new $42,000 organ is to be built in Trinity Church, New York, to be ready for use in October. It will be a double organ and will retain the great and pedal diapasons of the present gallery organ, which was built in 1846.


The great Town Hall Organ of Sydney, Australia, with its famous leviathan 64-foot bass-pipe, is having a thorough renovations, including new lungs.”

An organ for the Community Center of Peru, Indiana, has been given by the Selis-Floto Circus. The instrument having been is use at their winter quarters in that city. This gives Peru the distinction of being one of the first of our cities to have a large organ for its Community Service.



Clarence Eddy gave a recital on the new Bennett organ of the Sacred Heart Church of Moline, Illinois, on April 22, for which seats sold at five dollars and the receipts were over forty-five hundred dollars, close to a new record for organ recitals. (editor: Mr. Eddy was one of the most famous American organists of this period.)


A Johannesburg Municipal Organ has been installed in this enterprising South African city. It has ninety-seven stops and six thousand one hundred and eighty pipes. By way of comparison, the Philharmonic Auditorium organ of Los Angeles (with thirteen times the population of Johannesburg) has less than seventy stops. The Town Hall organ of Sydney, Australia, with its one hundred and thirty speaking stops, holds first lace for size among the municipally owned organs of the world. The Wanamaker Organ, in the Grand Court of the Wanamaker Store of Philadelphia, with two hundred and thirty stops, is the premier instrument of the world, for size.

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Section of a 1930’s radio studio mural by the Lewis Studio

Marcel Dupré has been decorated with the insignia of the Legion of Honor by the French Government, in recognitions of his services to French art throughout the world, and especially to the distinction which he has given to organ playing. He began his second American tour with a recital in New York Wanamaker Auditorium on September 29: and at Montreal, between October 1 and 20 he played a series of ten concerts in which he performed from memory the entire organ works of Bach.

     An early ART DECO ad



Edwin H. Lemare has resigned as municipal organist of Portland, Maine, after two years of service. Previous to his accepting Portland post, Mr. Lemare had been for several years in a similar position at San Francisco. His brilliant work in his various positions and concert tours has placed him in the front rank of living organists.

The Organola (Self-player organ) has been introduced into the churches of Spain, though not without protests from the musical fraternity.



 A radio telephone apparatus has been installed over the stage at the Chicago Opera and the report is that anyone having a receiving apparatus within a radius of 800 miles may hear the opera by merely tuning the instrument to the proper pitch.

The Dead City, an opera by the prodigy composers of Europe, Erich Wolfgang Korngold, was received with favor at its premier in New York at the Metropolitan las November 10.

Marcel Dupré, in his opening recital on the Wanamaker Organ at New York (sic) was received with immense favor by the group including many of the best known organists in America.

The newly-invented orchestral bruiteur, or noise-making instrument invented by Luigi Russolo, helped bring about the downfall of Marinetti’s opera Surprise (sic), his first venture into Futurism, which was vigorously hissed when produced in Naples.

Pavlowa has discovered a new trick in stage lighting which set all New York a talking. The trick was accomplished by a young artist in lights and tints, Nicholas de Lipsky.  It consists of producing a dissolving scene in full view of the audience by means of lights rather than by changing the scenery itself. In the dance Dionysus, the first scene bathed in ruby light shows a rocky gorge. Merely by changing the color of the lights to dark night blue the gorge disappears and in its place appears a lovely lake framed by weeping willows.


    “Symphonies in Color–Silent Music”

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Saint-Saëns recently declared in Dieppe that he was playing in public for the last time, completing seventy-five years of public appearances.  Few other artists have ever had such a lengthy career.

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Chorusless Opera;  The chorus having gone “on strike,” the manager of the Stadt-theatre in Halle, retaliated by dismissing them en masse .  He has chosen for the coming season, operas that can be performed without chorus.  It is surprising the number of operas that can be performed in this manner.


The London “Times” credits Emanuel Moor with the inventions of a new two manual pianoforte keyboard which is attracting wide attention in Europe. The “Times” reports that by a simple system of bent levers, the upper keyboard plays an octave higher than the lower. This is a great advantage in playing passages in which the hands cross on the same keyboard. The hands are free to move without getting in each other’s way and jumps are greatly reduced in distance.

Old London churches in the heart of the city deserted on Sundays, but too precious to demolish, are now open week days at noon hours and performances of good music , addresses on popular sociological and ethical subjects, together with interesting lantern slides, are present for the benefit of the public. How sensible!

A large organ has been presented to the auditorium of Ellis Island by Robert Todd, immigration commissioner. Concerts are given In the hall for immigrants waiting to be admitted to the new world.

Dr. Thomas E. Finnegan, state superintendent of education in Pennsylvania, is recorded to have made an announcement that he considers music of as much importance in schools as mathematics. 

abbey organ


The color organ again pops up in a new form.  This time it is called the Klavilux.  The player sits at a keyboard and projects colors upon a screen.  Music and color are both dependent upon vibration. The inventor is Thomas Wilfred.  It was tried out last month and “pleased the audience.”

The largest organ in Southern California, with eighty stops, is being installed by the Austin Company, in the new $500,000 Methodist Church of Los Angeles.


London has a college for Choristers, which, according to a report, will supply choir boys trained for special service upon short notice.

Pietro Yon, the Italian Organ virtuoso so well-known in the United States, has been elected to the position of Honorary Organist at the Vatican Basilica of St. Peters. In 1907 he became organist at St. Francis Xavier’s Church in New York.  During the last two years he has been devoting his time to concert playing.

A transposing keyboard has been invented by a professor of bacteriology, Dr. Morris Stoehr of Mt. St. Vincent College.  Thus the pianist can play the music in the key it is written and transpose it to any key merely by turning a lever.

Enrico Bossi, the famous Italian organist has been giving a series of recitals in Budapest and has been received with great acclaim.

A new Swedish invention substitutes pictures project from celluloid films for the customary scenery.  It is suggested that it may result in great economy in theatrical presentations.

2536 pieces were played at the open air Organ Concerts in San Diego, California under the direction of Dr. H. J. Stewart.

Radio music which has been so much discussed in the press of late appears to be very much more successful in outlying districts that it does in metropolitan centers where it is said that the “interference” through cross currents is such that the results are very unsatisfactory. At present there at four Radio Stations maintained for broadcasting music and news. The program from Pittsburg includes Music, Time, News, Markets Reports, the Heinroth Organ Recitals, Church Services on Sunday, etc.


Marcel Dupré, the eminent French organist, recently brought to American as a confrere of Charles Courboin and Alexander Russel in the famous Wanamaker concerts says, in an interview in Musical America, “It is a well-known fact that mechanical improvements on American organs are far in advance of European.”


Film opera in which the conductor is guided by a moving ribbon of music under the film is said to have been tried out in some success in Berlin

A Requiem to the young artists who sacrificed their lives in the War has recently been given in London. The composer is none less that Frederick Delius, and it is said to be one of the finest works produced by the English master.

The Hansen Audio-amplifier, the queer little vacuum tube which magnifies sound to unheard of proportions, may make a really wonderful change in American music.  It is possible by this device to telephone concerts by wireless all over the country. If President Harding can deliver an address in Washington that can be heard a few seconds later in San Francisco by a huge audience baffled to  know where the  mysterious voice in the room comes from, why it is not possible to do the same thing with any concert in New York, Boston or Chicago?  Organization and equipment which we understand is not exorbitantly expensive, may result in a musical revolution in this and other countries.

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Edwin Lemare, father of Edwin H. Lemare, municipal organist of Portland, Maine, lately celebrated his Diamond Jubilee as organist of Holy Trinity Church, Ventnor, England.  Thought eight-two years of age, he still plays regularly for the Sunday services.

Film-Opera has been made a possibility by the latest invention of Dr. Lee de Forest, by which he has  achieved the syncronization of sound and action.  WIth the development of this device, every village may have its opera

The giant municipal organ in the Cleveland (Ohio) Auditorium was dedicated on the 10th of September, by a program played by Edwin Arthur Kraft, which was heard by an assembly of 20,000 which crowded the audience room and corridors of the mammoth hall.

 The American Society of Composers and Authors, upon advice of its counsel, warned all radio broadcasting stations that any performance of member of the Society at any Broadcast station will be considered an infringement of the copyright laws, unless permission is secured in advance.

Musicians across the country are in sincere sympathy to Percy Grainger.  His beautiful devotion to his mother was only equaled by her loving consideration for her distinguished son. Mrs. Grainger was ill and, going to a window for fresh air and losing control, fell fourteen stories.  Mr. Grainger was conducting a program of his compositions in Los Angeles at the time.


The competition held by the American Academy in Rome, for the Walter Damrosch Fellowship in musical composition has been won by Mr. Randall Thompson of Roxbury, Mass.  At an early age he was befriended by Francis C. Van Dyck, the gifted organist at the Lawrenceville School (N. J.), whom he succeeded as organist at the age of fifteen. This year he is doing graduate work at Harvard for his Master’s Degree, having studied privately for a year with Ernest Bloch in New York. The yearly fellowship is for three years and provides an allowance of $2,000 a years with free residence at the Academy and opportunities to visit the musical centers of Europe.


Robert Murray a boy soprano, with a voice reaching to the D which falls on the sixth leger line above the treble clef, said to be the highest voice on record has been astonishing New York City.  His imitations of bird calls at a concert given at the Hippodrome are said to have been remarkable.

Frank L. Sealy has been elected Warden of the American Guild of Organists.  Mr. Sealy was born in Newark, N. J.  For eighteen years he was organist of the Fifth Avenue Baptist Church of New York and since 1885 has been organist of the New York Oratorio Society.


Sir Frederick Bridge, so long organist of Westminster Abbey and England’s greatest musical antiquarian, was honored in a service marking his twenty-six years at the baton of the Royal Choral Society.

An English physician named Heath (according to Le Menestrel)  has discovered that music is an aid to digestions and has prescribed special music for special parts of the menu. He recommends “love songs” during the roast.


The National Association of Organists met in convention at Rochester, New York, August 27.  Among the leading speakers were T. T. Noble, President H. C. Macdougal, Frank > Sealy and Harold Thompson. Recitals were given by T. T. Noble,  Healey Willan, S. W. Sears and Palmer Christian.

The conductorless orchestra has made its appearance in Russian concert halls.  Thus we are returning to the time preceding Mozart, when the orchestra followed the lead of the principal first violinist or often of a man in authority seated at the harpsichord.

Music and Housewifery have been correlated in an English college established for the training of young women in Domestic Science and the Useful Arts. Instruction is to be given in singing and piano playing, these being as indispensable adjuncts of the servant prepared to brighten her mistress’ life with something other than culinary accomplishments and household industry. ‘

the etude, dec. 1911 price 15 c.

Tertius Noble, organist of St. Thomas’ Episcopal Church, New York, has been elected president of the National Association of Organists at their recently fifteenth annual convention in Chicago in August.

Sousa says that notwithstanding the great craze for the Saxophone and the thousands of players, he has to literally scoured the country to get players good enough for the varied programs of the Sousa band.  It is one thing to play the Saxophone and another to play it well.

Organ compositions of American composers are having their “innings” with English players of the king of instruments.  Scarcely a recent British organ recital program has been noticed on which at least on composition by an American was not used.

            The instrument invented by Dr. Morris Stoecher, professor of bacteriology of Mt. St. Vincent’s College in New York, known as the Music Typewriter has met with unusual support from musicians. The fact that in its development Steinway and Sons afforded the inventor the assistance of its trained mechanics in developing his idea indicates that it has had highly trained supervision.  The instrument resembles an ordinary piano keyboard above which pass strips of paper not unlike the rollers in a player-piano.  The operator plays upon the keyboard in the regular manner and the music played is recorded upon paper roll.  Another part of the device makes it possible to have what is played out on a player roll if necessary. Although in its development stage, as prominent a man in the industry as Mr. Ernest Urchs of Steinway and Sons has been actively interested in its development.  The instrument will permit the recording of improvisations, etc., and has already been said to have aroused great interest.


Marcel Dupré, the eminent French organist, recently brought to American as a confrere of Charles Courboin and Alexander Russel in the famous Wanamaker concerts says, in an interview in Musical America, “It is a well-known fact that mechanical improvements on American organs are far in advance of European.”

Marcel Dupré, the eminent French organist, arrived in America on September 27, to being a recital tour. including most of our states and Canada. A unique feature of his programs will be his improvisation for which he has a rare gift.

Joseph Bonnet has recently been decorated by the French Government as a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor. He will return to American in January for an extended series of organ recitals.

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3,000 saxophones a month is the present output of the American factories. Jazz!  Jazz! Jazz!

No “Jazz” in Asheville is the slogan of that enterprising North Carolina Mountain “burg.’” Through the efforts of the Saturday Music Club, Local 128 of the American Federation of Musicians, has adopted the following resolution: “Resolved, that orchestra musicians playing an engagement must conduct themselves as if they were on a professional management, and refrain from making any unnecessary noises not indicated in the music, or making movements conspicuously noticeable that would tend to detract from the dignity of their performances.”

A Johannesburg Municipal Organ has been installed in this enterprising South African city. It has ninety-seven stops and six thousand one hundred and eighty pipes. By way of comparison, the Philharmonic Auditorium organ of Los Angeles (with thirteen times the population of Johannesburg) has less than seventy stops. The Town Hall organ of Sydney, Australia, with its one hundred and thirty speaking stops, holds first lace for size among the municipally owned organs of the world.  The Wanamaker Organ, in the Grand Court of the Wanamaker Store of Philadelphia, with two hundred and thirty stops, is the premier instrument of the world, for size.

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Edwin Lemare, father of Edwin H. Lemare, municipal organist of Portland, Maine, lately celebrated his Diamond Jubilee as organist of Holy Trinity Church, Ventnor, England.  Thought eight-two years of age, he still plays regularly for the Sunday services.

Film-Opera has been made a possibility by the latest invention of Dr. Lee de Forest, by which he has  achieved the syncronization of sound and action.  WIth the development of this device, every village may have its opera

The giant municipal organ in the Cleveland (Ohio) Auditorium was dedicated on the 10th of September, by a program played by Edwin Arthur Kraft, which was heard by an assembly of 20,000 which crowded the audience room and corridors of the mammoth hall.

Edwin H. Lemare has resigned as municipal organist of Portland, Maine, after two years of service.  Previous to his accepting Portland post, Mr. Lemare had been for several years in a similar position at San Francisco. His brilliant work in his various  has been introduced into the churches of Spain, though not without protests from the musical fraternity.positions and concert tours has placed him in the front rank of living organists.

The Organola (Self-player organ) has been introduced into the churches of SPain, though not without protests from the musical fraternity.



Syncronization of film and its musical counterpart seems to be solved by the “veritiphone,” an invention of Claude H. Verity, of Leeds, England.  It aims at the alliance of sound and movement by the combination of a double set of “super gramaphones,” and an ingenious indicator which shows when the film and the sound record are together.

homoerotic rockwell kent ad for steinway, etude, nov. '29

This is “so gay“! Rockwell Kent was a MAJOR artist of  the Art Deco Movement.

The popularity of the pipe organ is developing almost unbelievably.  .  According to a report of the Department of Commerce at Washington, the produce of the organ factories during the past year showed an increase of 36.7 per cent in number and 130.6 per cent in value beyond those made in 1921.  As an indication of change in popular taste, it might be mentioned that in the same period the value of the manufacture of reed organs decreased 50.7 per cent.

A novel strike  occurred at the Theater an der Wien of Vienna, on the fourth of October. Because of a strike ordered by the Musicians’ Union, the orchestra stopped the performance of Lehar’s Frasquita , by playing the overture of the second act pianissimo, in spite of the composer-conductor’s efforts to the contrary.  A short meeting adjust difficulties satisfactorily.

From “The Etude”, March, 1923. Seems that the plight of organists has NEVER changed and NEVER WILL!

Trials of an Organist, The Etude, March 1932 

An electrically elevated organ console is one of the late inventions. It is for theatrical use and one of the first that has been installed in the New Strand Theater of Niagara Falls, New York.  By means of this, when the organ is being used for a “feature” number, the console and organist may be raised into full view of the audience.


A monument to César Franck was dedicated on November 25th, in the Foyer of the Royal Conservatoire of Liége.  It was a gift from the city of Paris to the city of Liége.  Queen Elizabeth, of Belgium, and the leading statesmen and educators of France and Belgium were in attendance.  Gala performance of Franck’s compositions were given on the afternoon and evening of the 26th.

The original player-piano ,invented Edwin S. Votey, in 1896, has been presented to the Smithsonian Institute in Washington.

The new organ in St. Luke’s Church in Evanston, Illinois, was dedicated during the week of October 15th, by a series of recitals by Herbert E. Hyde, organist and choirmaster of St. Luke’s, and organists of of CHicago and Evanston.  The organ is rated as the largest in any church of Chicago or vicinity.

The Moth Girl,” another Franz Lehar light opera with a “gay Viennese Lady” as the central figure, is breaking all continental records for works of this class.  Three large theaters of Milan are crowded nightly by its alluring rhythms.



Marcel Dupré and Charles M. Courboin at the organ, and the Philadelphia Orchestra, under Leopold Stokowski, joined in a gala concert in the grand court of the Wanamaker Store, of Philadelphia, on December 26th, M. Dupré uniting the organ with the orchestra in playing the Second Chorale of César Franck in honor of the one hundredth anniversary of the composer’s birth in this month.


Los Angeles has a new magnificent motion picture theater known as that “graumann,” which seats over 4000.  It is said to compare in size and richness of decorations and furnishings with the finest opera houses of the world.  It will maintain a Symphony Orchestra of fifty musicians, under the direction of the composer, Ulderico Marcelli.  Wnen one remembers the almost fabulous outlay of auditorium  organs, etc., the future of music in American is truly immense.

Extra! Extra! Extra! The Theaters of Berlin, according to a report in the Paris Le Courrier Musicale, have nearly all closed their doors because of the inability to pay the actors’ salaries.


Edwin H. Lemare, the distinguished Municipal Organist of Portland, Maine, is especially proud of the career of his father (also Edwin) who has just retired as organist of Holy Trinity Church, Ventnor, Isle of Wight.  Composer of many works, of which his Christmas recital, at the age of eighty-two, was declared by the British papers to have been a masterful and powerful performance.


The original manuscript of “Home, sweet Home, one of the most valuable musical manuscript of all the world, has been given to the University of Rochester (New York), by Hiram W. Sibley of that city.



The great Town Hall Organ of Sydney, Australia, with its famous leviathan 64-foot bass-pipe, is having a thorough renovations, including new lungs.”

An organ for the Community Center of Peru, Indiana, has been given by the Selis-Floto Circus. The instrument having been is use at their winter quarters in that city. This gives Peru the distinction of being one of the first of our cities to have a large organ for its Community Service.


Thirty-five Hundred Violinists from the school orchestras of London and vicinity, and under the direction of Mr. O. Roberta, gave a concert in the Crystal Palace on June 9th.

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Clarence Eddy gave a recital on the new Bennett organ of the Sacred Heart Church of Moline, Illinois, on April 22, for which seats sold at five dollars and the receipts were over forty-five hundred dollars, close to a new record for organ recitals. (editor: Mr. Eddy was one of the most famous American organists of this period.)

The Music Industries Chamber of Commerce held its national convention in Chicago, June 4-9, with several thousand in attendance.  Aside from the coöperation of the allied trades, much attention was given to the matter of music in the home, in character building, the latter being especially stressed in connection with settlement work.


Music as a Major Subject in the High Schools has been included in the curriculum of Washington schools by the State Board of Education.. This big step forward in the recognition of music as an academic subject is a credit to our great northwestern state.

A New Piano Keyboard has been invented by Dr. Moritz Stoehr of New York.  By shortening the black keys, thus leaving a space between the back of them and the fall-board, a portion of the keyboard formerly unavailable to players is brought within use, thus eliminating many finger difficulties which have hindered transitions between black and white keys.

More Nazi/CIA torture devices for pianists!

the pianist in the patent office, etude 8 .'29


The 900th Birthday of Musical Notation has been celebrated in Europe. Our present system of notation was invented by Guido d’Arezzo in 1023.  He sometimes wrote his name as Guido di St. Mauro, in honor of the Monastery of St. Maur des Fosses, in which he was educated.

The non-shellac phonograph record has been invented by European chemists.  It makes possible the use of leather, blotting paper, cardboard or other paper, linen or cotton cloth as a base.  The new process is claimed to enable the printing instead of moulding of records so that on a rotary press as many as fifty thousand a day may be made.  The Music Trade Indicator says that American manufacturers will soon begin to produce them.

The organ on which Bach played in Lüneburg from 1700 to 1703, and which was made in 1537, is to be restored and modernized. The original stops are to be retained.  It was s while living in Lüneburg, young and unknown, and when returning penniless from one of his foot journeys, that occurred the widely known incident of having the Danish ducals in herring’s heads thrown to him.

Singing is the best preventive of influenza, if we are to believe Dr. Hieny Coward, the widely-known English choral conductor, who state that, during epidemics in several years when it made considerable ravages, there was a total of bu two death among fifteen hundred to two thousand choristers wo attended each wee the rehearsals which he directed.


A Memorial Organ is to be placed in the Town Hall of New York, through the generosity of Mr. James SPeyer, widely known for his various philanthropies. The idea back of the movement is that the Town Hall, a center of culture and refinement, should have a musical equipment.

chevrolet winged viking radiator cap

1935 Chevrolet gas cap and hood ornament.

Frederick Delius, the eminent English composers, suffered a stroke of paralysis several months ago and is now confined to a wheelchair.

Marcel Dupre has been decorated with the insignia of the Legion of Honor by the French Government, in recognitions of his services to French art throughout the world, and especially to the distinction which he has given to organ playing.  He began his second American tour with a recital in New York Wanamaker Auditorium on September 29: and at Montreal, between October 1 and 20 he played a series of ten concerts in which he performed from memory the entire organ works of Bach.


Edwin H. Lemare has resigned as municipal organist of Portland, Maine, after two years of service.  Previous to his accepting the Portland post Mr. Lemare had been for several years in a similar position at San Francisco. His brilliant work in his various positions and concert tours has placed him in the front rank of living organists.

William Churchill Hammond played his seven hundred and forty-fifth recital at the Second Congregational Church, Holyoke, Massachusetts, on Sunday evening September 2d.  This took place in connection with the semi-centennial celebrations of the city and also marked the completion of forty years of service of Mr. Hammond as organist of this parish.

Bell-Ringing is to be included among the musical studies of Birmingham University.  The subject will be included in the Acoustics’ course.  A special collection of bells is being made for purposes of demonstration and practice.  It is suggested that the University may also undertake the publication of bell music, students of campanology having hitherto been without resources in this respect.

 Lego Ancestor


The Organola (Self-player organ) has been introduced into the churches of Spain, though not without protests from the musical fraternity.



Marcel Dupré finished on October 20, a series of ten recitals in the Church of St. Andrew and St. Paul, at Montreal, Canada, in which for the third time he was interpreted the entire organ works of Bach. (editor: from memory!)

Gatty Sellers, who has given more than twenty-five hundred recitals in America, has been appointed Organist and Musical Director of the Kingsway Hall of London, one of the most desirable positions Britain has to offer to the recital organist.



Peter’s mid-life crisis centered on his wife, whom he disliked.



The Women Organists of Boston have formed a Women Organ Players Club, which is believed to be the first organisation of this nature on record.

Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924) left an estate of 20,000,000 lire (about $900,000 at the present rate of exchange) (editor: 1925) to his son Antonio. His widow is bequeathed a life interest in half the accumulate estate and half the royalties from his compositions, the later amounting to about 800,000 lire per annum

Igor Stravinsky made his American debut at Carnegie Hall, New York, on January 1, when he led the New York Symphony Orchestra in a program entirely of his own compositions.

An American Quarter-tone piano by Dr. Morris Stoehr, is said to be an advance over the one made in Germany in that it is contained in a single case, is less bulky and has a keyboard no longer that the regular grand.


Moving Pictures have been recognized as art by the National Academy of France, and will be shown at the Opera two evenings and six afternoons a week, when there is no musical program.

The largest Boy Scout Band  of the world hails from Springfield, Missouri.  It has a membership of two hundred and eighty-five, from which a concert cand of one hundred for one hundred and fifty members is sustained.


The Ladbroke Banjo Orchestra  of London, England, is probably unique as an organization.  The band is composed of forty players, each of whom uses some form of large or small banjo.  Its concerts have been enthusiastically received.


Carnegie Hall will Not be torn down at the end of the present five years lease, according to the announce of Robert E. Simon, its recent purchaser from the Carneg estate.

Disappearing orchestra pits  have been introduced in the Balaban and Katz motion picture houses.  For overtures or “star” numbers the pit rises in view of the audience, then sinking out of sigh for the remainder of the performance.



Edwin H. Lemare, the eminent English organist, played on the Evening of May 26th is farewell program as Municipal Organist of Chattanooga, Tenn.


Dr. Humphrey J. Stewart’s seventy-third birthday was celebrated at the Spreckles organ pavilion of Balboa Park, San Diego, California, on May twenty-second. In recognition of his long service as official organist, a program of his compositions was rendered, after a congratulatory. Address by Mayor Clark. The Little Symphony Orchestra and the San Diego Choral Society, both under the direction of Gino Marcelli, gave selections from Dr. Stewart’s grand operan, “Montezuma,” and from his oratorio, “The Hound of Heaven;” and, following a group of his “Yosemite” songs interpreted by Lena Frazee, his cantata, “The Flag of the Free,” for quartet, chorus and orchestra, was presented by the united forces.

concert in the field, aug. 1929

The creepiest Etude cover EVER! August, 1938

Entitled, “Concert in the Fields”, or something like that. 


Canada’s largest organ, with one hundred and eight stops, and with seven thousand, two hundred and sixty-four pipes, has been lately installed at Toronto. It is in the Royal York Hotel and was dedicated during the recent joint convention of the Canadian College of Organists and the National Association of Organists of the United States.
Twelve programs of English organ music by composers of all periods but mostly modern, have been given by the organist of Litchfield Cathedral, England. A hint to American organists.


The Spanish Exposition organ, recently installed at Barcelona, has five manuals, more than ten thousand pipes, and one hundred and fifty-four speaking stops. It represents the highest achievements in European organ construction.



Robert Elmore, Philadelphia composer and widely known organist of Holy Trinity Church of Phillips Brooks fame, has received the Mendelssohn Award for his composition, “Three Fantasies” for chorus and orchestra.


Charles M. Widor recently completed his sixtieth year as organist of St. Sulpice in Paris, the leading church position of that city. In honor of the event, he was presented the Medal of the City of Paris. Aside from playing the largest and finest organ in France, Widor has the distinction of being the perpetual secretary of the Académie des Beaux Arts.

now chopsticks etude, '33

Notice, typical of artists, the mouths of  the pipes

      are at the wrong end!

Five hundred varieties of musical instruments have been identified by musical research in India. No other race can boast so many and of such variety; and they thoroughly represent wind, string and percussion families. Many of our western instruments are of oriental origin.

At the cathedral of Blois, France, the great organ, after a complete restoration, has been dedicated by a recital by M. Joseph Bonnet, who was so successful in his programs given in America.

The new (ed. Kilgen) organ of St. Patrick’s Cathedral, New York City, installs at a cost of a quarter million Dollars, was dedicated on February eleventh by a special musical service, under the leadership of Cardinal Hayes. . With eleven thousand pipes, and one hundred and sixty-six stops, it stands second among the church organs of the world only to the one in St. Michael’s Church of Hamburg, Germany, which has 12,173 pipes and 163 stops.

a very gay magazine cover; the etude, sept. '28

Could a magazine cover be any more GAY? And of course an organist leads the parade!

Students of Church Music will be assisted in their studies from the income of an endowment of fifty thousand dollars left by the will of Samuel Carr, to the New England Conservatory, for this purpose. The Carr residence is known for its three-manual organ.

Monster organs may be the boast and pride of many a music center, but to Peterborough, England, belongs seemingly the honor of possessing the smallest perfect violin in the world In the collection of an old instrument maker, it is but four inches long and so delicately made that it weights but one-fifth of an ounce though consisting of nearly one hundred parts. On the other hand, New York has a saxophone twenty-two feet long. Then London has a mouth organ seventeen and a half feet long, which is played by several persons each of whom is responsible for the use of about two feet of its compass.


The National Association of Organists, at its convention in Los Angeles in the first week of August, passed a resolution in favor of the union of that organization with the American Guild of Organists.

Automatic reproducing pipe organs, playable also by the usual organist, have been introduced into the school of New York City, as a principal adjunct to the courses in musical understanding and appreciation.

“Jazz” is reported to be suffering a decline in popularity in the United States, with the Viennese type of music tending to supplant it.

A prize of one hundred dollars, offered by the National Association of Organists for the best organ arrangement of the overture of Borodin’s “Prince Igor,” has been awarded to Edward S. Breck, organist and musical director of Temple Sharey Tefilo, of East Orange, New Jersey.



Nearly two thousand singers joined their efforts in the annual Church Choir Festival at York Minster, England. Dr. Edward Cuthbert Bairstow , organist of York Minster since 1913, conducted on the occasion which is maintained for the uplift of the musical service of the church.



A George Washington Song has been brought to light. Supposed to have been written in 1778, it is a “Toast” in honor of Washington with words and music by Francis Hopkinson, a signer of the Declaration on Independence and our first native composer.

Vincent d’Indy, eminent French composer, teacher, conductor and pupil of César Franck, died at his home in Paris, on December 2nd.

William Shakespeare, eminent vocal teacher, singer and composer of London, died there on November 1st.

The largest organ in any church in the United States was dedicated on November 29th, in St. Matthew’s Lutheran Church of Hanover, Pennsylvania. The instrument contains twelve thousand, seven hundred and seventy-three pipes, and the only larger church organ in the world is the one in Passau, Germany.


The Aeolian and Skinner organ companies, two of the oldest, largest and best of our native builders of these kings of instruments, have yielded to the merging spirit of the times and will be hereafter known as the Aeolian-Skinner Organ Company.


Forty thousand people united in a community chorus in Johannesburg, South Africa, to welcome the Prince of Wales on his recent tour.

(ed. During the Great Depression). Three thousand musicians of New York City are reported to be in need; and a relief committee, with Walter Damrosch as chairman, has been formed, along with Ignace Paderewski, Fritz Kreisler and Arturo Toscanini. At least three hundred thousand dollars is the goal.

schubert play

Long before the days of TV, cell phones, video games, computers and social media, a group of young musicians would present a play depicting the life and work of an important figure in music history.


The proposed merging of the New York Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra and Metropolitan Opera Company has been abandoned, largely because of impossible business and artistic complications that would arise through trying to operate the two organizations as a unit.

Mendelssohn’s music has been barred in Nazi Germany. Even his incidental music to “A Midsummer Night’s Dream”—one of the brightest gems in that nation’s musical crown—has been ordered to be replaced by new music.May:

Italy’s largest organ, by late report, is to be found in the Cathedral of Messina where it was recently dedicate.

Choir boys or St. George’s Chapel of Windsor Castle, still receive each month a small honorarium for praying for the soul of Henry VIII.

scan_20181026 boy choir


Two hundred pianists playing one hundred pianos formed a Piano Ensemble which was a feature of a program given at Tulsa, Oklahoma, on May third.

Five thousand musicians, playing instruments valued at a million dollars, paraded in Memphis, Tennessee, as a feature of the Cotton Carnival held in that city from May 6th to 11th. There were ten bands and drum corps from Memphis, ten bands from Arkansas, thirteen from Mississippi, four from Missouri and twelve from Tennessee outside of Memphis. “Where Cotton is King Music is his Queen” was a slogan of the event.

The “Hammond Organ” is a new electrical instrument, in all about the size of a baby grand piano, but with many of the possibilities of a pipe organ. It is the invention of Laurens Hammond of the Hammond Company, makers of electrical clocks and is the result of years of experiments.

The Silbermann organ, two hundred and twenty-one years old, of the Dom (Cathedral) of Freiberg, Germany, is still tuned in the unequal temperament in use before Bach established equal temperament for general musical purposes; and so there are certain keys in which it is not effective.


The quarter-tone piano, and music written for it, in the twenty-four tone scale, were heard for the first time over the air, when Hans Barth played harpsichord and pianoforte numbers in the Columbia [Broadcasting System] Concerts of March 6th.

The great organ of the Church of St. Eustace [ed.misspelling of Eustache], of Paris, which has been for several years under reconstruction, was finally consecrated at a dedication service on February 18th with Joseph Bonnet, the world famous organist, at the console.


Photographic reproduction of sounds made by an instrument is reported to have been made possible fy an invention announced at the Office of Inventions at Bremen, Germany. This would make practicable the transcribing of a composer’s new work from the composer’s playing of it on an instrument, thus saving him the labor of writing out the notes. The device is not yet in a state to be ready for the market.



Henry E. Duncan, well known to a past generation as organist and conductor, passed away on September 12th. At White Plains, New York, at the age of eighty. He was one of the founders of the American Guild of Organists.


Music came third among the industries of the United States, in a survey made by the National Association of Music. Only the steel and oil industries surpassed music in the amount of money invested and exchanged in their activities during the period of the investigation.

folding piano


Charles-Marie Widor, dean of the world’s eminent organists, and former director of the American Conservatory of Music at Fountainbleau, France, passed away on March 12, at Paris, aged ninety-two. He was the son of an organist, became a pupil of Lemmens and Hesse and was organist at St. Sulpice. He was known throughout the world as an organist, composers and teacher.

Dr. R. Huntington Woodman celebrated on January 18 his seventy-eighth birthday—still in the choir loft of the First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn, where he has spent fifty-seven of his sixty-three years of service as organist


Those who played at the Guilmant Centenary Program on March 12, in Trinity Church of Paris, were Olivier Messiaen, organist of Trinity and professor of the Ecole Normale de Musique; Ludovic Panel, organist of the Basilica of the Sacred Heart; Marcel Dupré of St. Sulpice and professor at the Conservatoire National de Musique; Edouard Mignan, organist of the Madeleine: Joseph Bonnet, organist at St. Eustache; Alexandre Cellier, of Temple de l’Etoile, along with George Jacob and Abel Decaux.

Arthur William Foote, widely known composer and organist, died at Boston on April 9th, at the age of eighty-four. Born in Salem, Massachusetts, he studied under Stephen Emory at the New England Conservatory, and later with John Knowles Paine at Harvard, and also had piano and organ instruction from B. J. Lang. He rose to a leading place among American composers. Mr. Foote was throughout his life a loyal friend of The Etude and one of its valued contributors.


An organ given by Queen Anne to Trinity Church, New York, is reported to have been discovered in the Episcopal Church of Clyde, New York, where it had been relegated to a corner when a new instrument took its place. A museum is said to be interested in it for preservation.

Mathias P. Möller, founder and owner of the M. P. Möller Organ Works of Hagerstown, Maryland, one of the leading concerns of its kind in American, died on April 1, at the age of eighty-two. A native of Denmark, he came to America at the age of seventeen, finished his first organ in 1882, and placed organs in many prestigious edifices in American including the Chapel at West Point.


The American Organ Players’ Club of Philadelphia celebrated on June 2nd, its forty-seventh anniversary at the Church of the New Jerusalem, where the organization had its inception.

George Gershwin, one of the most versatile of American composers, died on July 11th, at Hollywood, California, from an operation for a cerebral tumor.

The American Guild of Organists held its sixteenth general convention during the week of June 13th, at Cincinnati.


Marcel Dupré, eminent French organist and successor of the Late Charles Marie Widor at the organ of the famous Church of St. Sulpice of Paris, is announced for a tour of American during the coming winter. He will be accompanied this time by his daughter, highly gifted as a pianist, who will join her father in compositions which he has written for organ and piano.

Louis Vierne, eminent French organist and composer and organist since 1900 of the Cathedral of Notre Dame of Paris, died on June 3rd, at the age of sixty-seven. He was giving a concert at this, one of the most beautiful and famous pieces of ecclesiastical architecture of all the world, and was playing one of his own compositions for the large audience when he collapsed, fell back into the arms of friends, who by a French custom sate about the console, and died with his hands still on the keys. He was famous as an interpreter of Bach.



A musical feud resulted in the longest active suit in the Cook County courts, one that has been before twenty-five judges in the last thirty years. This came to an end when on October 7th a municipal judge dissolved an injunction issued in 1906 which restrained the Chicago Federation of Musicians from interfering with the organization or members of the American Musicians Union. The Federation, it is reported, has now practically absorbed the local membership of the Union.

The Japanese government in its stringent economic measures to finance its invasion of China, has ordered the cancellation of foreign artists during the current season, which included Leopold Stokowski, Tito Schipa, Alfred Cortot, JaquesThibauld, Pablo Casals and Grace Moore.

The Alexander Palace organ of London, rated as “an unrivalled instrument for recital purposes,” is to have its pitch lowered so as to make it available for use with orchestra and thus render the great auditorium adaptable for the mammoth music festivals which for the greater part of a century have been held in the recently burned Crystal Palace. When renovated and enlarged in 1929 as a memorial to Queen Alexandra, the organ was placed at high concert pitch for the sake of brilliancy.


André Marchal, the famous bind organist of St. Germain de Pres of Paris, is announced for a transcontinental tour of America in the coming fall.


Bruno Walter has resigned his post as director of the Vienna State Opera, as a result of the absorption of Austria by the German Reich. He had but recently signed a contract to act for three years.

Paul Hindemith is reported to have turned his interest to the organ, and his two organ sonatas were heard on a program of January 18th of the Organ Music Society of England.
July: The concerto for organ and orchestra by Leo Sowerby had its world premier, when on the programs of April 22nd and 23rd of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, with Dr. Serge Koussevitzky conducting and with E. Power Biggs as soloist. Dr. Sowerby was a guest of the occasion.

scan_20181031 (18)

An all female radio orchestra with its all male Conductor, Phil Spitalny. TWO pianos, TWO accordions and two Harpists. Why? I guess for the sake of symmetry. BUT they are not on television, only radio! When and how would they ever be seen? And why is the pianist on the left the only one not looking at the camera? Camera shy perhaps?



Songs for which Jewish poets wrote the texts have been banned in Vienna; which means that the Viennese may not hear “The Marriage of Figaro,” “Don Giovanni” and “Cosi Fan Tutte” of their most superbly gifted child, Mozart; nor the immortal “Carmen”; nor many of the greatest songs of Schubert, Schumann and Brahms.

Frank Wright, composer and a founder of the American Guild of Organists, died January 2nd, in Brooklyn, at seventy-three years of age. Born in England, he had served for forty-one years as organist and choirmaster of Grace Episcopal Church in Brooklyn.


the talkies

This ad claims that the “talkies” have not reduced the demand for well-equipped organists, but sadly, most theater organists were unemployed almost overnight right at the beginning of the Great Depression due to sound motion pictures. 


The famous Vienna Boys Choir is reported about to be disbanded by the Nazi government at the close of its present American tour. So much for Kultur a la Hitler.

A musical novelty is said to be a small harmonica attached to the stem of a pipe. And now its inventor is puzzled as to whether it is to be christened as a pipe organ or a mouth organ.

George F. McKay has been announced as the winner of the Two Hundred Dollar Prize offered by The Diapason, under the auspices of the American Guild of Organists for the best organ composition submitted.

Below, the STUNNING Alabama Theater in Birmingham, housing one of the nation’s most spectacular Wurlitzer organs with an unusual Moorish-design console. The color picture below is from the cover of a Theatre Organ magazine.

alabama theater wurlitzer-2

Below: This is NOT from “The Etude”, but “The Dallas Morning News”, June, 1963. Bill, my identical twin and I had just installed a  KILGEN 3-manual theater organ in our parent’s home. I think that I’m the one on the right!

bill and bob in percussion section

Other Kilgen organs. They go back as far as the 1600’s, Germany. 

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Kilgen 1885

1885 Kilgen church organ.